In recent years, states across the country have enacted retirement savings programs to help individuals save for retirement. As of May 2021, 12 states have enacted programs, with dozens of others considering legislation. The rules of these programs vary greatly from state to state, but they could help bridge the retirement gap for as many as 55 million U.S. workers who currently don’t have access to an employer-sponsored plan.
As a company that was founded to help close the retirement access gap, we’re incredibly excited by these new developments and the renewed interest in retirement savings. We created this resource hub to provide relevant information and key dates and will continue to update it as state plans take shape and new states join the movement.
California Program: Employers with 5 or more employees are required to provide access to CalSavers or a private retirement plan.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: June 30, 2021 for businesses with 50+ employees and June 30, 2022 for businesses with 5+ employees
Connecticut Program: Connecticut Secure Choice Savings Plan is a retirement savings plan for private-sector workers with no access to an employer-sponsored retirement fund. The program will not be mandatory for businesses with fewer than five employees or those that already offer a work-based retirement savings option.Status: Pending. The Retirement Security Authority is still refining the implementation timeline and we expect more updates to come in 2021Upcoming deadline: None
Illinois Program: Employers who have 25 or more employees, have been in operation for at least two years, and do not offer an employer sponsored retirement, must provide access to Illinois Secure Choice or a private retirement plan.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: The program will begin to enforce penalties to businesses that do not offer a plan and have failed to enroll in Illinois Secure Choice in late 2021.
Louisiana Program: Introduced Senate Bill 283 which would have established the Louisiana Retirement Savings Plan for employers who do not provide their employees with access to a retirement plan. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
Maryland Program: Maryland will provide its workers with access to a payroll-deducted savings program if they are not eligible to participate in an existing employer plan.Status: Enacted. The program is expected to launch in 2021.Upcoming deadline: None
Massachusetts Program: Nonprofit organizations with 20 or fewer employees must offer a retirement benefits plan through a 401(k) multiple employer plan (MEP) through the Massachusetts Defined Contribution CORE Plan or a private provider.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: None
Nebraska Program: The Nebraska Legislature launched a study to examine the availability and adequacy of retirement savings for Nebraska’s private-sector employees. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
New Hampshire Program: The New Hampshire Statutory Commission on Retirement Security launched a study to examine the creation of a state-sponsored retirement plan. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
New Mexico Program: On February 26, 2021, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham signed the New Mexico Work and Save Act, creating a voluntary automatic low-cost retirement savings option for workers without employer-based retirement accounts, plus an online marketplace of private-sector providers for employers.Status: Enacted. New plans should be established by July of 2021, with workers able to open new accounts in January 2022Upcoming deadline: None
North Dakota Program: Introduced House Bill 1200 which would have established the Save Toward a Retirement Today program for employers with no more than 100 employees and who do not offer retirement plans. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
New Jersey Program: Both non- and for-profit businesses with 25 or more employees and have been in business for at least two years must provide access to a retirement plan.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: New Jersey expects to launch their state Auto-IRA plan in March 2021, but the Secure Choice Savings Board can extend the timeline by up to 12 months if necessary. Employers will have nine months until after the program is enacted to comply with the legislation and assume program responsibilities.
New York Program: The New York State Secure Choice program will be voluntary for employers and follow a Roth IRA structure.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: None
Ohio Program: Introduced House Bill 645 on May 19, 2020 to establish an auto-enrollment retirement savings program for private sector employees. The bill describes a defined benefit program, which is different from the rest of the plans introduced in this space.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
Oregon Program: All employers must offer a qualified retirement plan to their employees.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: Targeted for late 2021 for 4 or fewer employees
Utah Program: Introduced a resolution to urge Utah’s small business community to work with the state’s Legislature and Treasurer to study and develop a model for a state sponsored retirement savings program. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None
Vermont Program: Available on a voluntary basis to employers with 50 employees or fewer and employers that do not currently offer a retirement plan to their employees.Status: Pending. The Green Mountain Secure Retirement plan is set to launch in the first half of 2021.Upcoming deadline: None
Washington Program: Small Business Retirement Marketplace: a website where employers and employees can shop and compare state-verified and low-cost retirement savings plans.Status: ActiveUpcoming deadline: None. The program is completely voluntary.
West Virginia Program: The Joint Committee on Government and Finance was tasked with launching a study to determine the need of a state sponsored retirement program. No further legislative action was taken.Status: PendingUpcoming deadline: None.
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Editor’s note: Check out QuickBooks® Online Payroll for your clients and your practice. This article was originally published by Guideline.